Ancient Monuments

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Hall Bank moated site, Wybunbury

A Scheduled Monument in Wybunbury, Cheshire East

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Latitude: 53.0452 / 53°2'42"N

Longitude: -2.4448 / 2°26'41"W

OS Eastings: 370273.653757

OS Northings: 349861.205707

OS Grid: SJ702498

Mapcode National: GBR 7X.D0NR

Mapcode Global: WH9BC.FQ0C

Entry Name: Hall Bank moated site, Wybunbury

Scheduled Date: 14 November 1969

Last Amended: 22 May 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012118

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13438

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Wybunbury

Built-Up Area: Wybunbury

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Wybunbury St Chad

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument known as Hall Bank lies E of St Chad's church and is a well
preserved moated site approached by a long earthen causeway.
The site consists of a raised island c.60m square upon which is an L-shaped
scarp defining an elevated area interpreted as marking the position of the
original hall. A dry moat up to 12m wide x 1-2m deep surrounds the island,
and a wide outer bank encircling the moat has outlet channels cut through it
at the SW and SE corners. An unusual feature at this site is a substantial
raised causeway c.9m wide approaching from the W and leading to the outer
edge of the moat from where a bridge or drawbridge would have provided
access into the interior.
A second moated site of similar form lies 200m to the SW.
Most moats were constructed between 1250-1350 and are generally seen as the
prestigious residences of the Lords of the manor. The moat in such
circumstances marked the high status of the occupier, but also served to
deter casual raiders and wild animals.
All field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, however, the ground
beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument at Hall Bank is in a good state of preservation unencumbered by
modern building. It possesses considerable archaeological potential for the
recovery of evidence of structural foundations of the building that
originally occupied the island. Additionally the embanked access causeway is
a rare and unusual feature associated with this class of monument. Of
particular importance, however, is its close proximity to a second moated
site which also survives well. Such close proximity is unusual for this
class of monument.

Source: Historic England


Capstick, B., FMW Report, (1986)
Cheshire SMR, No. 183/3,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Saunders, AD, AM7, (1968)

Source: Historic England

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