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Edleston moated site and fishpond

A Scheduled Monument in Edleston, Cheshire East

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0529 / 53°3'10"N

Longitude: -2.5417 / 2°32'29"W

OS Eastings: 363788.456089

OS Northings: 350765.369707

OS Grid: SJ637507

Mapcode National: GBR 7S.CM3X

Mapcode Global: WH9B9.XJVF

Entry Name: Edleston moated site and fishpond

Scheduled Date: 9 March 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009866

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13518

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Edleston

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Acton St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument is Edleston moated site and fishpond. The site includes an
island raised up to 1.5m high and measuring some 50m by 30m. Surrounding the
island is a partially infilled dry moat that is best preserved on the south
and west sides where it is up to 17m wide by 1m deep. On the monument's
western side the moat widens out to form a dry fishpond measuring 45m by 35m
and 1m deep.
In 1398 Thomas de Fouleshurst of Edleston was given licence for an oratory
which is assumed to be on this site. An inquisition post-mortem of c.1500 for
John de Fouleshurst mentions a gatehouse, bridge, ditch and chapel.
The field boundary on the monument's northern side and the fence flanking the
railway line to the south-east are excluded from the scheduling. The ground
beneath these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite some levelling of the monument's profile by ploughing and infilling
the site remains in reasonably good condition and is unencumbered by modern
development. The island still stands some 1.5m above the moat and evidence of
the medieval house, 14th century oratory, and the gatehouse, bridge and chapel
referred to in documents of c.1500 will survive there.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Cheshire SMR, SMR No. 266/1, (1987)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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