Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 1km south-west of Heath Farm: part of the round barrow cemetery on Deadman's Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Kelshall, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 52.0168 / 52°1'0"N

Longitude: -0.1168 / 0°7'0"W

OS Eastings: 529330.062676

OS Northings: 237044.219023

OS Grid: TL293370

Mapcode National: GBR K7Z.F9K

Mapcode Global: VHGNG.XKMT

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 1km south-west of Heath Farm: part of the round barrow cemetery on Deadman's Hill

Scheduled Date: 7 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012073

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20664

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Kelshall

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Sandon

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes a bowl barrow which is situated on the summit of a knoll
overlooking the Icknield Way, 300m west of the other barrows in the cemetery.
The hemispherical earth mound measures 25m in diameter and is a maximum of 1m
in height. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which
material was excavated for the construction of the monument, surrounds the
barrow mound. This ditch has become infilled over the years but survives as a
buried featrues c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been subjected to ploughing, the bowl barrow survives
comparatively well as a low earthwork on the summit of a knoll. The mound
will retain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to
the monument and landscape in which it was constructed. The monument is one
of five bowl barrows forming a cemetery set on the ridge top. Such groups are
rare in this part of the country, especially where all the components survive
as earthworks.

Source: Historic England

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