Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows at Bygrave, 650m east of Park Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Bygrave, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 52.0082 / 52°0'29"N

Longitude: -0.1412 / 0°8'28"W

OS Eastings: 527680.822881

OS Northings: 236046.037114

OS Grid: TL276360

Mapcode National: GBR J6T.14R

Mapcode Global: VHGNG.HSQD

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows at Bygrave, 650m east of Park Wood

Scheduled Date: 7 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009821

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20643

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Bygrave

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Bygrave

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned NE to SW and situated on the
Icknield Way at Bygrave. The southern-most barrow includes a hemispherical
earth mound measuring 28m in diameter and c.0.9m in height. Approximately 30m
to the north-east is another barrow mound which measures 21m in diameter and
c.0.2m in height. Although no longer visible at ground level, ditches, from
which material was quarried during the construction of the mounds, surround
each barrow. These have become infilled over the years but survive as buried
features c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite having been reduced in height by cultivation, the two bowl barrows at
Bygrave survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. The close association of the barrows may be significant as
few such pairings survive as earthworks in this area, most having been
levelled by ploughing over many years.

Source: Historic England


Information from SMR (20643),

Source: Historic England

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