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A bell barrow and a saucer barrow 315m ESE of the unfinished hillfort on Ladle Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Ecchinswell, Sydmonton and Bishops Green, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3072 / 51°18'25"N

Longitude: -1.3085 / 1°18'30"W

OS Eastings: 448300.28166

OS Northings: 156681.175656

OS Grid: SU483566

Mapcode National: GBR 82Z.S15

Mapcode Global: VHCZY.8DMR

Entry Name: A bell barrow and a saucer barrow 315m ESE of the unfinished hillfort on Ladle Hill

Scheduled Date: 11 April 1934

Last Amended: 26 September 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012035

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25613

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Ecchinswell, Sydmonton and Bishops Green

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Ecchinswell with Sydmonton St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow and a levelled saucer barrow of Bronze Age
date situated on Ladle Hill. The barrows are aligned west to east and are set
close together, possibly with overlapping or shared ditches. They are situated
on a slight slope c.315m ESE of the unfinished Iron Age hillfort on the
summit of the hill.
The bell barrow, the eastern of the two, has a mound c.19m in diameter and up
to 1.6m high. The surface of the mound has a large hollow which may indicate
the site of antiquarian excavation, of which there are no known records.
Surrounding the mound are a berm and a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. The ditch has become infilled over
the years but survives as a buried feature, giving the barrow an overall
diameter of c.32m.
Prior to recent disturbance, the saucer barrow was described as being 24.4m in
overall diameter and consisting of a central mound c.0.6m high surrounded by a
ditch and outer bank. The mound and outer bank have been levelled and the
ditch is now infilled and survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

To the west of the bell barrow is a saucer barrow. This is also a funerary
monument of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and
2000 BC. Like bell barrows, they usually occur either in isolation or in
barrow
cemeteries. They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined
by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound
covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either
inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools
and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms
of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in
Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important
evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities
over a wide area of southern England, as well as providing an insight into
their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round
barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered of national
importance.
Much of the archaeological landscape of Ladle Hill and the surrounding downs
is preserved as earthworks or crop- or soil-marks, which together will provide
a detailed understanding of the nature and development of early agriculture,
land use and settlement on the north Hampshire downs.
The bell and saucer barrows 315m ESE of the unfinished Iron Age hillfort are
part of the wider distribution of monuments of Bronze Age and later date on
Ladle Hill. The well preserved bell barrow and its infilled quarry ditch,
together with the infilled ditch of the saucer barrow and features buried
beneath its mound and outer bank will contain archaeological and environmental
information relating to the construction and use of the monument.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14 (2), (1938)

Source: Historic England

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