Ancient Monuments

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Cranshaw Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Farnworth, Halton

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Latitude: 53.3933 / 53°23'35"N

Longitude: -2.7269 / 2°43'36"W

OS Eastings: 351759.895051

OS Northings: 388741.655694

OS Grid: SJ517887

Mapcode National: GBR 9YD6.F9

Mapcode Global: WH87C.2ZR0

Entry Name: Cranshaw Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 28 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011888

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13480

County: Halton

Electoral Ward/Division: Farnworth

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Farnworth St Luke

Church of England Diocese: Liverpool


The monument is Cranshaw Hall moated site. It includes an island partially
occupied by the 19th century rebuilding of Cranshaw Hall and farm buildings of
approximately the same date. In the centre of the buildings is a cobbled yard
that is an original feature containing a sandstone-lined well. The
remainder of the island comprises lawns, ornamental shrubbery gardens and an-
access drive. The surrounding moat has been infilled - this task finally
being completed in the late 1950's. The line of the moat's W arm can be
traced across the lawn as a shallow depression c.15m wide x 0.2m deep. A
modern sectional dwelling has been erected above the S end of the moat's W arm
while farm outbuildings overlie part of the E arm. Access to the island was
originally by a bridge.
Cranshaw is first mentioned in 1270 and the moated site was in existence by
1400. The island is depicted on the 1840 Tithe Map as containing Cranshaw
Hall and three subsidiary buildings.
Cranshaw Hall, its farmbuildings, the sectional building and all service
pipes; a greenhouse; a propane gas holder: the access drive, a path and all
flagged areas are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath all these
features, however, is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument is one of an important group of moated sites in the former
township of Bold. Despite modern infilling of the moat the monument will
retain considerable archaeological evidence of the original Cranshaw Hall, its
subsidiary buildings and bridge.

Source: Historic England


(copy of original given by owner),
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Smith (Site Owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1990)
SMR No. 5188/1, Merseyside SMR, Cranshaw Hall Moat,
Title: Bold Tithe Map
Source Date: 1840

Title: Ordnance Survey 25": 1 mile 1st Edition
Source Date: 1893

Source: Historic England

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