Ancient Monuments

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Old Bold Hall moated site, Bold

A Scheduled Monument in Bold, St. Helens

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Latitude: 53.408 / 53°24'28"N

Longitude: -2.6908 / 2°41'26"W

OS Eastings: 354172.563032

OS Northings: 390350.930642

OS Grid: SJ541903

Mapcode National: GBR 9YN1.71

Mapcode Global: WH87C.MLVQ

Entry Name: Old Bold Hall moated site, Bold

Scheduled Date: 22 May 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010703

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13429

County: St. Helens

Civil Parish: Bold

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Merseyside

Church of England Parish: Farnworth St Luke

Church of England Diocese: Liverpool


The monument comprises a moated site, the island of which is now partially
occupied by a 20th century farmhouse and garden but which was formerly
occupied by Old Bold Hall. The moat is dry and has been partially in-filled
but the site retains an early 18th century bridge and flanking gate piers
which are Listed Grade II.
The manor of Bold was known to be in existence in 1212 and Old Bold Hall is
known to have been rebuilt at least 3 times, with access being by a
drawbridge in the 16th century. The moat is 20-24m wide at its E corner and
is steep-sided in its NW and SW arms and up to 1.5m deep. It is heavily
overgrown with trees and shrubbery throughout. The island measures c.60m x
70m and possesses two access drives, one continuing across the island as a
public footpath.
Old Bold Hall farmhouse, the bridge and gate piers, a timber shed, all
hedges and a public footpath signpost are excluded from the scheduling. The
ground beneath all these features, however, is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Old Bold Hall was one of a group of five moated sites in
the former township of Bold, documentary evidence indicates that of these it
was the most significant. The moat survives well despite its modern tree
and shrub growth. Evidence of the original buildings will be preserved on
the island.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
S P Dom Eliz (1581-90) CLIII
Baines, E, The History of Lancashire, (1836), 250
'Country Life' in Country Life: Feb 8th 1973, (1973)

Merseyside SMR 5940/1,
Pagination 5, Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
Public Records Office, S DL 44/773 IP/417 Bold Manor House 1609,
Rec Soc Lancs and Chesh, Lancs Inq and Extents 18,

Source: Historic England

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