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Hatton Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Hargrave and Huxley, Cheshire West and Chester

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.144 / 53°8'38"N

Longitude: -2.7907 / 2°47'26"W

OS Eastings: 347204.688878

OS Northings: 361057.772601

OS Grid: SJ472610

Mapcode National: GBR 7G.5SQW

Mapcode Global: WH88P.37BK

Entry Name: Hatton Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011787

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13456

County: Cheshire West and Chester

Civil Parish: Hargrave and Huxley

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Waverton St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument comprises a moated site, the island of which is occupied by
Hatton Hall, its outbuildings and gardens.
The island measures c.60m x 55m and stands 0.5m above the surrounding ground
surface. The hall, its access drive and outbuildings occupy much of the N
half of the island with the remainder of the platform being given over to
gardens and lawns. Some scarps run N-S and E-W and may reflect the layout
predating the present hall. A predominantly waterlogged moat with arms up to
18-20m max. width surrounds the island. The moat widens at the NE corner while
at the SW corner there is evidence of partially filled inlet/outlet channels.
Access to the island is via a sandstone revetted causeway across the moat's N
arm. The inner scarp of the N arm E of the causeway has been removed and
replaced by sandstone terraced ornamental flowerbeds. Outer banks flank the S
and E arms of the moat, the former measuring c.8m wide x 0.5m high, the latter
c.6m wide x 0.3m high.
The moated site dates to c.1200 when Hatton was granted to the Hattons of
Hatton, near Daresbury, who established a branch of the family there in the
early-mid 13th century. The hall was a quadrangular structure of timber with
access via a drawbridge. The hall was replaced by the present house c.1830.
The present Hatton Hall and the early 19th century sandstone revetted causeway
are both Grade II Listed Buildings.
Hatton Hall and its driveway, the associated outbuildings and a greenhouse,
the sandstone revetting of the causeway and the sandstone terraced ornamental
flowerbeds, a service pipe and its stone supporting pillars, and all walls and
fences are excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath all these
features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Hatton Hall moated site survives well and is a good example of the site of a
medieval moated manor house. The moat itself survives in good condition and
remains waterfilled, thus providing conditions suitable for the preservation
of organic materials. Additionally remains of the earlier Hatton Hall are
considered likely to survive beneath the present house and gardens.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Ormerod, G, 'History of Cheshire' in History of Cheshire, , Vol. 3, (1882)
Williams, S R, 'CAB' in CAB, , Vol. 6, (1978)
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
RCHME, Hatton SJ46SE4 & 12 Moat. Report and Plan at 1:1000, (1986)
SMR No. 1889/1/1, Hatton Hall (SMR No. 1889/1/1), (1989)
SMR No. 1889/1/2, Hatton Hall (SMR No. 1889/1/2), (1989)

Source: Historic England

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