Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Foulk Stapleford moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Hargrave and Huxley, Cheshire West and Chester

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1714 / 53°10'16"N

Longitude: -2.7723 / 2°46'20"W

OS Eastings: 348468.959415

OS Northings: 364082.857169

OS Grid: SJ484640

Mapcode National: GBR 7G.4C29

Mapcode Global: WH88H.DK24

Entry Name: Foulk Stapleford moated site

Scheduled Date: 29 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011790

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13457

County: Cheshire West and Chester

Civil Parish: Hargrave and Huxley

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Hargrave St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument comprises a moated site formerly occupied by the manor house of
Foulk Stapleford. It is bounded on the E by the old course of the River Gowy
and on the W by the modern course of the Gowy - originally a leat to Walk
Mill.
The site includes a grassy platform measuring some 47-50m each way and
standing c.0.3m above the neighbouring ground surface. There is a low inner
bank running around the perimeter of the island and faint traces of surface
scarps. A dry moat 18-20m wide x 1.2m deep surrounds the island and this is
flanked by an outer bank up to 10m wide x 0.2m max. height.
Foulk Stapleford was created out of a 12th century division of the manor of
Stapleford but the distinctive manorial name only became common usage after
Fulk de Orby (Justice of Chester 1259-60) succeeded his father's holding in
Stapleford in the mid 13th century. The site passed through various hands
before ceasing to be in use as a residence by the early 16th century.
The fence running along the moat's W outer bank adjacent to the E bank of the
Gowy is excluded from the scheduling. However, the ground beneath it is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite some recent overploughing that has reduced the monument's profile the
moated site at Foulk Stapleford survives in a relatively undamaged condition
unencumbered by modern development. The site retains considerable
archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of the structures that
originally occupied the island.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Cheshire SMR No. 1885, (1989)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Pagination 106, PN Cheshire,
RAF, RAF CPE/UK 1935/4034-6 (17-1-47) & 2194-5 (17-1-47),
RCHME (Keele), Foulk Stapleford SJ46SE2 Moat, (1986)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.