Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow at Minnis Beeches

A Scheduled Monument in Swingfield, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1385 / 51°8'18"N

Longitude: 1.1625 / 1°9'44"E

OS Eastings: 621325.739478

OS Northings: 142443.248711

OS Grid: TR213424

Mapcode National: GBR W18.DQW

Mapcode Global: VHLH8.3ND3

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Minnis Beeches

Scheduled Date: 22 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011766

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25467

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Swingfield

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which lies on a ridge of the Kent Downs.
The barrow has a large, circular mound 30m in diameter and c.1m high,
surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was
excavated. The ditch, which has been partially damaged on its north western
side by the construction of the A260 road, has become infilled over the years,
and survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The modern road surface, and the modern fences which cross the monument, are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some disturbance by cultivation and the construction of the A260, the
bowl barrow at Minnis Beeches survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.
Around 140m to the south west is a further bowl barrow of broadly contemporary
date, which is the subject of a separate scheduling. The close association of
these monuments provides evidence for the importance of this area for funerary
practices during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

Source: Historic England

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