Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 150m north east of Red House Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Swingfield, Kent

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Latitude: 51.1374 / 51°8'14"N

Longitude: 1.1612 / 1°9'40"E

OS Eastings: 621238.994748

OS Northings: 142325.467292

OS Grid: TR212423

Mapcode National: GBR W18.LD8

Mapcode Global: VHLH8.2NQX

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m north east of Red House Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011765

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25466

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Swingfield

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a ridge of the Kent Downs.
The barrow has a roughly circular mound 23m in diameter and 0.75m high,
surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was
excavated. The ditch, which has been partially damaged on its south eastern
side by the construction of the A260 road, has become infilled over the years,
and survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The modern road surface, and the modern fence which crosses the monument, are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some disturbance by modern ploughing and the construction of the A260
road, the bowl barrow 150m north east of Red House Farm survives comparatively
well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating
to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Around 140m to
the north east is a further bowl barrow of broadly contemporary date, which is
the subject of a separate scheduling. The close association of these monuments
provides evidence for the importance of this area for funerary practices
during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

Source: Historic England

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