Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Arpinge Range

A Scheduled Monument in Newington, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1044 / 51°6'15"N

Longitude: 1.1159 / 1°6'57"E

OS Eastings: 618232.466347

OS Northings: 138517.018122

OS Grid: TR182385

Mapcode National: GBR V08.LZ7

Mapcode Global: VHLHF.9H9Q

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Arpinge Range

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009009

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24404

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Newington

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a spur projecting from a ridge
of the Kent Downs.
The barrow has a large, west-east orientated, oval mound measuring 23m by
17.5m, surviving to a height of 2m. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from
which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become
infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite a small amount of disturbance caused by military training activity and
poaching by cattle, the bowl barrow on Arpinge Range survives in good
condition and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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