Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 250m west of Brockman's Bushes plantation on Tolsford Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Saltwood, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1034 / 51°6'12"N

Longitude: 1.0845 / 1°5'4"E

OS Eastings: 616035.408066

OS Northings: 138315.863872

OS Grid: TR160383

Mapcode National: GBR V06.R0Y

Mapcode Global: VHLHD.RJ5G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 250m west of Brockman's Bushes plantation on Tolsford Hill

Scheduled Date: 19 October 1964

Last Amended: 25 February 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012275

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12808

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Saltwood

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age barrow which comprises an earthen
mound 17m in diameter and over 3m high at the summit, as well as a
circular ditch some 5m in maximum width. The mound is steeply-sided and
has a depression in the top which marks the position of an old
excavation trench. No records of these excavations have survived. A
similar depression in the western side of the mound has resulted from
the more recent digging of a fox-hole during military training.
The surrounding ditch is most easily visible on the southern and western
sides. Here it takes the form of a depression up to 0.4m deep and some
5m from inner to outer edge. The ditch provided the earth for the
construction of the mound.
The mound and the ditch have an overall diameter of 27m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The monument near Brockman's Bushes survives to a greater extent than
many in the region. In spite of the limited disturbance to the mound
caused by small-scale partial excavation and damage during military
training, the monument retains its archaeological potential since only a
small part of the whole mound has been affected. It is also part of a
cluster of similar monuments on Tolsford Hill which demonstrate the
importance of the locality for burial in the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spurrell, F, 'Arch Journal' in Arch Journal, , Vol. 40, (1883), 292
Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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