Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 190m NNE of Knarr Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Saddleworth, Oldham

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Latitude: 53.5638 / 53°33'49"N

Longitude: -2.0315 / 2°1'53"W

OS Eastings: 398012.703478

OS Northings: 407460.525977

OS Grid: SD980074

Mapcode National: GBR GW77.Z6

Mapcode Global: WHB95.RPT9

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 190m NNE of Knarr Barn

Scheduled Date: 7 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011681

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23758

County: Oldham

Civil Parish: Saddleworth

Built-Up Area: Delph

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater Manchester

Church of England Parish: Friarmere St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: Manchester


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a local high point 190m NNE of
Knarr Barn. It includes a slightly oval earthen mound up to 0.5m high with
maximum dimensions of 18m by 17m. Limited excavation of the barrow by Wrigley
in 1911 located pieces of charcoal and fragments of burnt stone. The monument
was again subjected to limited excavation during the 1980's; on this occasion
the topsoil only was removed from a single trench. No finds were recorded.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite two 20th century excavations the bowl barrow 190m NNE of Knarr Barn
survives reasonably well. Neither of these limited excavations located human
remains or grave goods therefore the monument will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Wrigley, A, Saddleworth: Its Prehistoric Remains, (1911), 45-6
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Saddleworth Hist Soc to Robinson,K., Carr, J, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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