Ancient Monuments

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Peel Moat

A Scheduled Monument in Heatons North, Stockport

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.4289 / 53°25'44"N

Longitude: -2.1899 / 2°11'23"W

OS Eastings: 387479.286471

OS Northings: 392478.513897

OS Grid: SJ874924

Mapcode National: GBR FX4S.PJ

Mapcode Global: WHB9W.B2FM

Entry Name: Peel Moat

Scheduled Date: 9 February 1981

Last Amended: 5 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011674

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13521

County: Stockport

Electoral Ward/Division: Heatons North

Built-Up Area: Stockport

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Greater Manchester

Church of England Parish: Heaton Norris St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: Manchester

Details

The monument is the moated site of Peel Hall. The site includes a slightly
raised island measuring some 26m by 24m that possesses low earthworks towards
the northern end. Surrounding the island is a moat up to 2m deep and
measuring 6-12m wide on three sides and 18m wide on the east side. The moat
is waterlogged on all sides except the east where it has partially dried out.
An outlet channel some 25m long issues from the moat's southwestern corner.
Access to the island is by a low causeway at the island's southeast corner.
An outer bank 4m wide and 0.2m high flanks the moat's northern arm.
Local tradition has it that the site was sacked by Cromwell's troops during
the Civil War. Documentary sources describe the monument as having a square
fortified tower. Remains of stone and brick foundations on the island were in
evidence during the late 19th century.
The drains and inspection chamber in the SW corner of the monument are
included in the scheduling as any works on them may cause archaeological
disturbance.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument survives well and remains unencumbered by modern development.
Documentary evidence indicates a fortified tower occupied the site and further
remains of structures visible on the island at the end of the 19th century
will exist. Additionally the waterlogged moat will preserve organic material.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Reid, D, Thoughts on Peel Moat A History of the Heatons2-5
Crofton, H T, 'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in Trans Lancs and Chesh Antiq Soc, , Vol. 3, (1885), 192-4
Other
Capstick, B, AM 107 (1987),
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1989)
SMR No. 64/1/0, Gt Manchester SMR, Peel Moat, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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