Ancient Monuments

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Chiswick Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Chrishall, Essex

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Latitude: 52.0175 / 52°1'2"N

Longitude: 0.1119 / 0°6'42"E

OS Eastings: 545015.439023

OS Northings: 237554.377871

OS Grid: TL450375

Mapcode National: GBR L9L.K2Q

Mapcode Global: VHHL1.WKH8

Entry Name: Chiswick Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011628

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20683

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Chrishall

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex


The monument includes a moated site, orientated north east-south west, and two
fishponds situated on the crest of a hill 500m south of Chrishall. The moated
site is rectangular, 50m north east-south west by 45m north west-south east,
with arms between 9m and 7m in width and approximately 1.5m in depth. The
south west corner of the moat has been infilled. The moat has recently dried
out in all but the north eastern arm. A concrete bridge on the north western
arm was built in 1943 and the footings of a brick built bridge are visible
across the south eastern arm. On the island is situated a 17th century house,
which is Listed Grade II, and a small outhouse. A waterpipe which supplies the
house crosses the south western arm near the northern corner of the moat. A
waterfilled fishpond lies 5m to the south of the moated site. The fishpond
which has been partly infilled, measures 22.5m north west-south east by 17m
north east-south west. Another fishpond was once situated at the northern
corner of the moat. It is now infilled but can be identified as a marshy area
17.5m north-south by 10m east-west.
The house, outhouse, swimming pool, paths, bridge, bridge footings and
waterpipe are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these
features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Chiswick Hall moated site is well preserved and is associated with a Grade II
Listed house. The monument will retain archaeological information relating to
the occupation of the site and environmental evidence pertaining to the
economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England


SMR No: 3885, Information from SMR (No 3885),
TL 43 NW 5, Information from National Archaeological Record TL 43 NW 5,
TL 63 NW, Information from National Archaeological Record (TL 63 NW),

Source: Historic England

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