Ancient Monuments

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Pigot's Farm moated site and fishpond

A Scheduled Monument in Elmdon, Essex

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Latitude: 52.0318 / 52°1'54"N

Longitude: 0.1319 / 0°7'54"E

OS Eastings: 546344.882718

OS Northings: 239190.499944

OS Grid: TL463391

Mapcode National: GBR L9F.J5G

Mapcode Global: VHHL2.76L7

Entry Name: Pigot's Farm moated site and fishpond

Scheduled Date: 30 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011469

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20722

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Elmdon

Built-Up Area: Elmdon

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex


The monument at Pigot's Farm includes a sub-rectangular moated site and
fishpond situated on a south-facing slope, 500m south of St Nicholas' Church,
Elmdon. The moated site measures 65m east-west by a maximum of 50m north-
south. The arms are seasonally waterfilled by land drains and are between 6m
and 10m in width and 1.7m in depth. A modern causeway, 5m wide, gives access
to the island at the north-west corner of the moat. A footbridge which once
crossed the southern arm of the moat has decayed. The island is occupied by a
Grade II* Listed house which dates from 1655 and is thought to be the original
dwelling on the site.
At the south-east corner of the moat is a sub-rectangular, waterfilled
fishpond which measures 11m NW-SE by a maximum of 10m NE-SW.
The name Pigot first occurs as Picot and then Pygot in 1285.
The house is excluded from the scheduling though the ground beneath it is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Pigot's Farm moated site is well preserved and will retain archaeological
information relating to its occupation. The waterfilled ditches will also
retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its occupants and
the landscape in which they lived.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935), 527
SMR NO: 3881, Information from SMR,
SMR NO; 3881, Information from SMR,

Source: Historic England

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