Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Black Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Colgate, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0832 / 51°4'59"N

Longitude: -0.2258 / 0°13'32"W

OS Eastings: 524369.358828

OS Northings: 133037.590545

OS Grid: TQ243330

Mapcode National: GBR JKX.3Q1

Mapcode Global: FRA B6D8.5WB

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Black Hill

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011596

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20008

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Colgate

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a ridge of weald clay 4km
south-west of Crawley.
The barrow has a mound 11m in diameter and 1.2m high with a hollow in
the centre suggesting that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of
the monument. This has become partially infilled over the years but still
survives as a slight earthwork feature 3m wide and 0.75m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Black Hill survives
well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating
to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Title: West Sussex SMR
Source Date: 1971
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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