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Moated site at Bewbush Manor

A Scheduled Monument in Bewbush, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0991 / 51°5'56"N

Longitude: -0.2302 / 0°13'48"W

OS Eastings: 524013.407598

OS Northings: 134804.039499

OS Grid: TQ240348

Mapcode National: GBR JKQ.2LR

Mapcode Global: FRA B6D6.XTC

Entry Name: Moated site at Bewbush Manor

Scheduled Date: 13 February 1976

Last Amended: 18 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011583

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20004

County: West Sussex

Electoral Ward/Division: Bewbush

Built-Up Area: Crawley

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Ifield St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a rectangular moated site comprising an island c.60m by
50m surrounded by a moat, the north and west arms of which remain water-
filled. The moat was stream fed, water flowing into the moat in the centre of
the northern arm and leaving at the south of the western arm. The west end of
the north arm is 55m long and 11m wide with the rest of the north side of the
moat being identified by a shallow depression 7m wide and c.0.3m deep. This
extends 11m to the east before joining the eastern arm and running south for
50m. In front of the present house and halfway along the eastern arm is the
site of the original causeway which provided access to the island. The south
arm, situated c.4m south of the present house (Listed Grade II), survives as a
shallow depression 6m wide, 0.2m deep and 55m long, while the west arm is 83m
long but tapers towards the south and appears to have been extended after the
south arm of the moat silted up.
The house and other modern constructions on the island, the modern house
immediately north-east of the moat, the gravel surface of the drive, the brick
surround to the stream inlet and all brick walls and fences are excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath all of these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Bewbush Manor moated site survives well, the silting of two arms of the moat
and the waterlogging of the other two enhancing the archaeological potential
of the site. Such conditions increase the likelihood that environmental
remains, relating to the economy of the site and the landscape in which it was
constructed, will survive.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Moats (1988), 1988,

Source: Historic England

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