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Moated site 200m west of Graylands Copse

A Scheduled Monument in North Horsham, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.0951 / 51°5'42"N

Longitude: -0.3233 / 0°19'23"W

OS Eastings: 517508.254009

OS Northings: 134207.808714

OS Grid: TQ175342

Mapcode National: GBR HJ8.92M

Mapcode Global: FRA B667.9VL

Entry Name: Moated site 200m west of Graylands Copse

Scheduled Date: 3 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010500

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20005

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: North Horsham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Holbrook, St Mark

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a rectangular moated site 100m north of Grayland Farm an
situated in a low lying area 500m north-east of Boldrings Brook, a tributary
of the river Arun. The site is aligned NNW-SSE with maximum external
dimensions of 70m by 65m. All four arms of the moat are water-filled, the
ditch being between 5m and 10m wide and enclosing an area 50m square. Along
the outside of the west arm of the moat is a retaining bank, c.8m wide and
0.8m high, which supports the down slope side of the ditch.
No indication of buildings survive on the island although brick foundations
were visible until recently on the western side. These are likely to be
associated with the re-use of the monument as a landscape feature, adapted as
part of the grounds of Graylands, probably in the mid-19th century when the
island was planted with exotic species of trees and shrubs. A bridge was also
constructed in this period, the brick foundations of which are situated on
either side of the northern part of the east arm of the moat.
The fencing which surrounds the monument is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 200m west of Graylands Copse survives well while the
waterlogged moat provides ideal conditions for the survival of organic remains
and environmental evidence, relating both to the economy of the site and the
landscape in which it was constructed and later re-used.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Austin, L, Medieval/ post-medieval tile fragments, (1991)
Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Moats (1988), 1988,
Luckhurst, K R, (1991)

Source: Historic England

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