Ancient Monuments

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Four stone hut circles and a cairnfield 400m south-east of Wedlake Farm forming part of the settlement on the north-west slope of Roos Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5759 / 50°34'33"N

Longitude: -4.0617 / 4°3'41"W

OS Eastings: 254116.35198

OS Northings: 77160.415608

OS Grid: SX541771

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.F0K4

Mapcode Global: FRA 27CJ.ZCG

Entry Name: Four stone hut circles and a cairnfield 400m south-east of Wedlake Farm forming part of the settlement on the north-west slope of Roos Tor

Scheduled Date: 6 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011379

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20386

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes four stone hut circles, a cairnfield, a lynchet and a
group of trial pits situated on a gentle north-west facing slope of Roos Tor
overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook. The stone hut circles are composed
of rubble and earth and are all circular in plan. The internal diameters of
these structures vary from 3m to 5m and the height of the walls varies between
0.2m and 0.7m. The cairnfield includes seventeen cairns scattered along a
slight terrace. Three of the mounds are sub-circular in shape and these range
in size from 4m to 6m in diameter and stand between 0.7m and lm high.
Fourteen of the mounds are ovoid in shape, and these range between 3.3m to
9.5m long, 2m to 4.9m wide and stand between 0.2m and 1m high. The average
height of all the mounds is 0.64m. The three sub-circular mounds are probably
burial monuments; the remainder most likely represent stone clearance
connected with cultivation of the area.
The four trial pits each have a sub-rectangular pit measuring 3m long by 1.8m
wide and 0.6m deep with an associated crescent shaped bank standing up to 0.5m
high lying immediately downslope. These pits were excavated by tinners
searching for tin ore.
This monument forms part of a large unenclosed stone hut circle settlement.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later
industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the
pattern of land use through time. Cairnfields are concentrations of three or
more cairns sited within close proximity to one another; they may consist of
burial cairns or cairns built with stone cleared from the land surface
(clearance cairns). Round funerary cairns were constructed during the Bronze
Age (c.2000-700 BC) and consisted of earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes
ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. The
considerable variation in the size of cairnfields and their longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The four stone hut circles and cairnfield on the north-west slope of Roos Tor
survive well and contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to
the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The lynchet and
clearance cairns provide a valuable insight into Bronze Age agricultural
activity on the western side of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 86-7
Gerrard, G A M, The Archaeology of the Early Cornish Tin Industry, (1986), 254-5
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW18, (1991)
Raymond, F, Single Monument Class Description - Cairnfields, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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