Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 500m north of Wedlake Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Peter Tavy, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5829 / 50°34'58"N

Longitude: -4.065 / 4°3'54"W

OS Eastings: 253899.87294

OS Northings: 77944.489759

OS Grid: SX538779

Mapcode National: GBR NZ.DRP3

Mapcode Global: FRA 27CJ.J4M

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 500m north of Wedlake Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007970

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22209

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Peter Tavy

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the gentle south-facing
slope of White Tor overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook and lying 80m
north of an enclosed stone hut circle settlement. The structure is composed
of stone and earth, measures 6.1m in diameter and is defined by a 1m wide wall
standing up to 0.5m high. The doorway faces north-west and a contemporary
land boundary or reave lies a short distance to the south. Excavations
carried out by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1905 recovered charcoal,
a piece of spar with a fine facet point and some flint flakes. This structure
is one of a large number of stone hut circles scattered around the slopes of
White Tor.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the stone hut circle 500m north of Wedlake Farm
survives comparatively well and forms an outlying part of an important
enclosed stone hut circle settlement. The hut contains archaeological remains
and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which
it was constructed and, as such, provides a valuable source of information
concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side
of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Baring-Gould, S, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Tenth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, , Vol. 37, (1905)
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW102,

Source: Historic England

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