Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 180m east of Rydal Beck

A Scheduled Monument in Lakes, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.464 / 54°27'50"N

Longitude: -2.9771 / 2°58'37"W

OS Eastings: 336763.707967

OS Northings: 508060.175639

OS Grid: NY367080

Mapcode National: GBR 7JNT.8K

Mapcode Global: WH826.72L5

Entry Name: Round cairn 180m east of Rydal Beck

Scheduled Date: 4 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011352

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22555

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Lakes

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Rydal St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on a narrow plateau on the fellside just
above the valley floor 180m east of Rydal Beck. It includes a mound of partly
turf-covered stones up to 1m high with has a kerbed projection pointing to the
south, and measures 13.5m north-south by 9.5m east-west.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The monument is an unusual example in central Lakeland of a round cairn having
a distinctly pointed projection, a feature more commonly found associated with
cairns in western Cumbria. It is unexcavated and will retain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 13682, Cumbria SMR, Lakes, Rydal Fell, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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