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Moated site with internal pond at Glebe Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Dennington, Suffolk

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.2497 / 52°14'58"N

Longitude: 1.3383 / 1°20'18"E

OS Eastings: 627972.22185

OS Northings: 266532.083941

OS Grid: TM279665

Mapcode National: GBR WN8.WQS

Mapcode Global: VHL9Y.4QW7

Entry Name: Moated site with internal pond at Glebe Farm

Scheduled Date: 8 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011335

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21307

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Dennington

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Dennington St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich

Details

The monument includes a moated site and associated earthworks located on level
ground on the southern side of Dennington village, 400m south of St Mary's
Church. The moat, which is filled by surface drainage and is wet, with some
open water, is up to 2.5m deep and measures between 9m and 17m in width, the
eastern arm being the widest. It encloses a sub-rectangular island with
maximimum internal dimensions of 94m north east - south west by 91m north west
- south east, and is crossed on the north side by a narrow causeway.
Immediately to the east of the causeway, the northern arm of the moat is
enlarged outward to form a pond measuring 60m east - west by 38m north -
south, retained by an external bank up to 0.75m in height and 5m in width.
An internal fishpond of rectangular form, connected to the western arm of the
moat by a sluice, has also been dug on the island. This fishpond, which still
contains water at the western end, has overall dimensions of 11m north - south
by approximately 31m east - west and remains open for a length of 23m. The
eastern end, which has become infilled, survives as a buried feature and is
marked by a distinct hollow in the ground surface.

A substantial house once stood on the island, the surface of which is raised
approximately 0.75m above the external ground level. Evidence for this house
includes finds of building materials, including peg tile, fragments of dressed
oolite and large flints, on the surface of the interior and the field
immediately surrounding the moat; pottery of 15th and 16th century date has
also been recovered.

Post and wire fencing bordering the outer edge of the moat is excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Glebe Farm survives well and displays a wide range of
features, the earthworks and internal ponds being well preserved. It retains
important archaeological information concerning the construction and use of
the site, including evidence of occupation in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Organic materials, also, will be preserved in water logged deposits in
the moat and ponds.

The monument is one of a group of moats situated in and around the parish of
Dennington, and this association gives it additional interest and value.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Birch, M & W, Suffolk SMR, notes in Parish File,

Source: Historic England

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