Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 600m north-west of Court Green Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Guisborough, Redcar and Cleveland

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Latitude: 54.5572 / 54°33'26"N

Longitude: -1.0925 / 1°5'32"W

OS Eastings: 458788.627289

OS Northings: 518376.475312

OS Grid: NZ587183

Mapcode National: GBR NHTR.84

Mapcode Global: WHF86.6Q17

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 600m north-west of Court Green Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1952

Last Amended: 16 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011269

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20866

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Guisborough

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wilton St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument comprises a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date , known as Court Green
Howe, situated on the top of a hill near the edge of a scarp. The barrow mound
measures 17m across and survives to a height of 1m. Several hollows at the
centre of the mound represent the remains of partial excavation in the 19th
and early 20th century; Bronze Age pottery and several flint tools were
recovered from these excavations. The surrounding ditch, dug to provide the
material to build the mound, is no longer visible at ground level but it
survives as a buried feature measuring 2m across. The telegraph pole which
stands on the south-east of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the bowl barrow has been subject to partial excavation in the past,
the extent of disturbance is limited and archaeological deposits survive well.
Evidence of the manner of construction, and the nature and duration of use
will be preserved within and beneath the mound and within the ditch. Evidence
relating to the Bronze Age environment around the monument and of the wider
landscape will also survive. The importance of this monument is increased
because of the survival of contemporary barrows in the vicinity; such evidence
provides a clear indication of the extent of Bronze Age settlement and
activity in the area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, (1991), 34-36
Vyner, B E, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age activity on the Eston Hills, Cleveland, (1991), 35-36
No. 0526,

Source: Historic England

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