Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 850m southeast of Bristol Plain Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Rodney Stoke, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2617 / 51°15'42"N

Longitude: -2.7031 / 2°42'11"W

OS Eastings: 351036.468304

OS Northings: 151628.589157

OS Grid: ST510516

Mapcode National: GBR ML.0T3W

Mapcode Global: VH89K.3KB4

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 850m southeast of Bristol Plain Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 December 1929

Last Amended: 16 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010502

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13821

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Rodney Stoke

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on level ground 850m southeast of
Bristol Plain Farm. It comprises a mound 15m in diameter and c.2m high at its
highest point. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the
mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature c.2m wide. The monument is the southernmost of four barrows aligned
on a northwest-southeast axis.
The site was partially excavated by B M Skinner in 1816. Finds included a
possible cremation burial with much charcoal in an oval cist c.1m across,
c.1.22m deep, and covered by a flat slab.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 850m southeast of Bristol Plain Farm survives comparatively
well despite a small area of localised disturbance caused by B M Skinner's
partial excavation in 1816. Although it is likely that the primary burial has
been disturbed, much of the barrow and the quarry ditches remain intact. It
therefore has potential for the recovery of archaeological and environmental
evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed.
The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which
exhibits a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an
indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971)
Tratman, E K, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Fieldwork, , Vol. Vol 2(3), (1925), 284-5
Other
ms 28794 folio 85-6; 3648 folio 158, Skinner, B M, MS 28794 folio 85-6; 3648 folio 158, (1816)

Source: Historic England

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