Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 420m east of Bristol Plain Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Rodney Stoke, Somerset

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Latitude: 51.266 / 51°15'57"N

Longitude: -2.7072 / 2°42'25"W

OS Eastings: 350756.404649

OS Northings: 152105.7465

OS Grid: ST507521

Mapcode National: GBR MK.0KY5

Mapcode Global: VH89K.1F5V

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 420m east of Bristol Plain Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 December 1929

Last Amended: 13 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010488

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13816

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Rodney Stoke

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset


The monument includes a bowl barrow formerly known as `Green Barrow' set on
level ground 420m east of Bristol Plain Farm. It comprises a mound 15m in
diameter and c.1m high at its highest point. Although no longer visible at
ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over
the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The monument is the
easternmost of two central barrows in a group of four aligned on a north-south
The site was partially excavated by B M Skinner in 1816. A cremation on a
flat stone was inserted east of the centre of the mound subsequent to the
construction of the monument. Finds, including a bronze knife and a bone pin,
were contemporary with the burial.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 420m east of Bristol Plain Farm survives well despite a small
area of localised disturbance caused by B M Skinner's excavation in 1816.
Although the excavation disturbed a secondary burial, it is likely that the
primary burial is undisturbed and that much of the barrow remains intact. The
bowl barrow therefore has potential for the recovery of archaeological and
environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in
which it was constructed.
The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which
exhibits a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an
indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971)
Tratman, E K, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Fieldwork, , Vol. Vol 2(3), (1925)
ms 28794 folio 85-6; 3648 folio 158, Skinner, B M, MS 28794 folio 85-6; 3648 folio 158, (1816)

Source: Historic England

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