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Linear barrow cemetery comprising six bowl barrows 510m south west of Townsend Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Priddy, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.262 / 51°15'43"N

Longitude: -2.6961 / 2°41'45"W

OS Eastings: 351527.771452

OS Northings: 151658.907832

OS Grid: ST515516

Mapcode National: GBR ML.0NS0

Mapcode Global: VH89K.7J1W

Entry Name: Linear barrow cemetery comprising six bowl barrows 510m south west of Townsend Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 December 1929

Last Amended: 8 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009744

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13844

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Priddy

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a linear barrow cemetery located on level ground 510m
south west of Townsend Farm. It consists of six bowl barrows aligned on a
north to south axis.
From north to south the barrows can be described as follows: (ST51525169]
consists of a barrow mound c.17m in diameter and c.1.75m high at its highest
point. The barrow was partially excavated by B M Skinner in 1816. Finds from
the excavation included a secondary cremation burial. [ST51535168] Bowl
barrow consisting of a barrow mound c.14m in diameter and c.1.75m high at its
highest point. The barrow mound is crossed by two drystone walls which are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.
[ST51535167] Bowl barrow consisting of a barrow mound c.14m in diameter and
c.2m high at its highest point. The site was partially excavated by B M
Skinner in 1816. Finds of a cremation burial contemporary with the
construction of the monument and some fragments of an unfired ceramic urn were
reported. The northern three bowl barrows are confluent. Although no longer
visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the mounds. This has become infilled
over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
(ST51535166] Bowl barrow consisting of a barrow mound 10m in diameter and
c.1m high at its highest point. Although no longer visible at ground level, a
quarry ditch surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the
years but survives as a buried feature c.1m wide. The bowl barrow was
partially excavated by B M Skinner in 1816. Finds included a cremation burial
contemporary with the construction of the monument in a cist or stone lined
grave 38cm deep and 30cm long.
[ST51535165] Bowl barrow consisting of a barrow mound 16m in diameter and
c.2m high at its highest point. Although no longer visible at ground level, a
quarry ditch surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the
years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The site was partially
excavated by B M Skinner in 1816. A cremation burial contemporary with the
construction of the monument was reported at a depth of 1.8m.
[ST51525163] Bowl barrow consisting of a barrow mound 23m in diameter and
c.2.75m high at its highest point. Although no longer visible at ground
level, a quarry ditch surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled
over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. A drystone wall
which crosses the barrow mound on the western side is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite areas of localised disturbance caused by B M Skinner's partial
excavation of some of the mounds, the group of six bowl barrows 510m southwest
of Townsend Farm contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating
both to the individual barrows and the landscape in which they were
constructed.
The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which
supports a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an
indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971)
Other
Skinner, B.M., MS 28794 folio 85 & 33648 folio 156-7, (1816)

Source: Historic England

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