Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Moated grange at Stoughton

A Scheduled Monument in Stoughton, Leicestershire

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Latitude: 52.6132 / 52°36'47"N

Longitude: -1.0577 / 1°3'27"W

OS Eastings: 463896.472532

OS Northings: 302132.309517

OS Grid: SK638021

Mapcode National: GBR 9P8.3DX

Mapcode Global: WHFKP.QLH0

Entry Name: Moated grange at Stoughton

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010482

English Heritage Legacy ID: 17056

County: Leicestershire

Civil Parish: Stoughton

Traditional County: Leicestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Leicestershire

Church of England Parish: Thurnby St Luke

Church of England Diocese: Leicester


The moated grange at Stoughton is situated adjacent to the church on the
eastern outskirts of Leicester.
The moated area is rectangular and measures 125 x 110m in overall dimensions.
Most of the eastern arm visibly survives and is dry, measuring 18m wide and up
to 2m deep, with an entrance causeway 50m north of the south-eastern corner.
The southern arm is 8m wide and less than 0.5m in depth. Most of the northern
and western arms are infilled but a 30m stretch in the north-west corner and a
further length of the northern arm are water-filled and measure 10m wide and
about 2m deep with an outer bank.
The grange site was owned by Leicester Abbey in the early medieval period.
The grange appears to have moved to the south-west of the parish in the late
15th century and this site was abandoned.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A monastic grange was a farm owned and run by a monastic community and
independent of the secular manorial system of communal agriculture and servile
labour. The function of granges was to provide food and raw materials for
consumption within the parent monastic house itself, and also to provide
surpluses for sale for profit. The first monastic granges appeared in the 12th
century but they continued to be constructed and used until the Dissolution.
This system of agriculture was pioneered by the Cistercian order but was soon
imitated by other orders. Some granges were worked by resident lay-brothers
(secular workers) of the order but others were staffed by non-resident
labourers. The majority of granges practised a mixed economy but some were
specialist in their function. Five types of grange are known: agrarian farms,
bercaries (sheep farms), vaccaries (cattle ranches), horse studs and
industrial complexes. A monastery might have more than one grange and the
wealthiest houses had many. Frequently a grange was established on lands
immediately adjacent to the monastery, this being known as the home grange.
Other granges, however, could be found wherever the monastic site held lands.
On occasion these could be located at some considerable distance from the
parent monastery. Granges are broadly comparable with contemporary secular
farms although the wealth of the parent house was frequently reflected in the
size of the grange and the layout and architectural embellishment of the
buildings. Additionally, because of their monastic connection, granges tend to
be much better documented than their secular counterparts. No region was
without monastic granges. The exact number of sites which originally existed
is not precisely known but can be estimated, on the basis of numbers of
monastic sites, at several thousand. Of these, however, only a small
percentage can be accurately located on the ground today. Of this group of
identifiable sites, continued intensive use of many has destroyed much of the
evidence of archaeological remains. In view of the importance of granges to
medieval rural and monastic life, all sites exhibiting good archaeological
survival are identified as nationally important.

The moated grange site at Stoughton survives in good condition and has
considerable potential for retaining the remains of building foundations and
other occupation evidence within its interior.

Source: Historic England


Leicestershire SMR, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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