Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Arn Hill Down, 450m east of New Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Warminster, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2174 / 51°13'2"N

Longitude: -2.1779 / 2°10'40"W

OS Eastings: 387667.261706

OS Northings: 146475.92485

OS Grid: ST876464

Mapcode National: GBR 1V0.N5N

Mapcode Global: VH97H.6NGN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Arn Hill Down, 450m east of New Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1927

Last Amended: 30 January 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010400

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12295

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Warminster

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Warminster St Denys

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a prominent hill-top overlooking
the Wylye Valley. The barrow mound is 18m in diameter and stands to a height
of 1.5m. Surrounding the mound are a ditch, from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument, and an outer bank. The ditch has
been partly infilled over the years but survives as a low earthwork 3m wide
and 0.3m deep, while the outer bank is 3m wide and 0.4m high. A hollow on the
centre of the mound represents the site of early exploration of the site by
Colt-Hoare. Partial excavation produced a stone cist or box containing a
cremation burial while higher in the mound were a collection of flat-headed
nails, a spear and sherds, possibly Romano-British in date.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of the site, much of the Arn Hill bowl barrow
survives well and has potential for the recovery of further archaeological
remains. The significance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that
numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional
evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides a clear
indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age

Source: Historic England

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