Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles 937m WSW of East Castick Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5586 / 50°33'31"N

Longitude: -4.4633 / 4°27'47"W

OS Eastings: 225615.794953

OS Northings: 76106.034261

OS Grid: SX256761

Mapcode National: GBR NF.G5CV

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.BZF

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles 937m WSW of East Castick Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010223

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15147

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes two stone hut circles situated on the lower SE flank of
Hawk's Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut circle
settlements, enclosures, field systems and cairns.
The hut circles are centred 15m apart on a WNW-ESE axis. Each has a marked
accumulation of deposits washed down the hillslope against its uphill, NW,
side. The hut circle to the WNW survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to
0.5m high and 1.5m wide, faced internally by spaced edge-set slabs. The wall
defines a circular internal area, 4.5m in diameter, levelled into the
hillslope. The hut circle to the ESE is similarly constructed, its heaped
rubble wall is also 0.5m high and 1.5m wide, around a circular, levelled,
internal area 4.5m in diameter. This hut circle has an entrance gap 1m wide
facing SSE. The eastern side of the entrance gap is marked by an edge-set
slab placed across the wall-line. These hut circles are outlying members of a
dispersed, unenclosed settlement containing at least 23 hut circles, whose
main concentration is centred 125m WSW of this monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

These hut circles on Hawk's Tor have survived well. The substantial build-up
of deposits against their uphill sides will preserve buried land surfaces and
environmental evidence contemporary with, and subsequent to, their
construction and use. Their proximity to other broadly contemporary
settlement sites, enclosures, field systems and cairns demonstrates well the
nature of farming practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze
Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
King, G, Sheppard, P, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parochial Checklist of Antiquities 10: Parish of North Hill, , Vol. 18, (1979)
Other
consulted 10/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2576,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.20,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.21,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,

Source: Historic England

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