Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle 812m WSW of East Castick Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5591 / 50°33'32"N

Longitude: -4.4617 / 4°27'42"W

OS Eastings: 225732.222002

OS Northings: 76155.208901

OS Grid: SX257761

Mapcode National: GBR NF.G5RR

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.CM7

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 812m WSW of East Castick Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010222

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15146

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the lower SE flank of
Hawk's Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor, near other broadly contemporary hut circle
settlements, enclosures, field systems and cairns.
The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 0.8m high and 1.5m
wide, faced internally by spaced edge-set slabs. The wall defines a circular
internal area, 9.5m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope. The hut circle
has an entrance gap facing NE. This hut circle is an outlying member of a
dispersed, unenclosed settlement containing at least 23 hut circles, whose
main concentration is centred 250m WSW of this monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle on Hawk's Tor has survived well. Its proximity to other
broadly contemporary settlement sites, enclosures, field systems and cairns
demonstrates well the nature of farming practices and the organisation of land
use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
King, G, Sheppard, P, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parochial Checklist of Antiquities 10: Parish of North Hill, , Vol. 18, (1979)
Other
consulted 10/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2576,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.22,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,

Source: Historic England

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