Ancient Monuments

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Two adjoining stone hut circles 1.12km WSW of East Castick Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5584 / 50°33'30"N

Longitude: -4.4662 / 4°27'58"W

OS Eastings: 225409.144308

OS Northings: 76083.151996

OS Grid: SX254760

Mapcode National: GBR NF.G4MM

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.9V5

Entry Name: Two adjoining stone hut circles 1.12km WSW of East Castick Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010228

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15152

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes two adjoining stone hut circles on a small artificial
platform situated on the lower SE flank of Hawk's Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor,
near other broadly contemporary hut circle settlements, enclosures, field
systems and cairns.
The hut circles adjoin each other on a SW-NE axis and are situated across the
NW half of a levelled platform of heaped rubble, forming a small forecourt
built out to a height of 0.75m from the hillslope to the SE. That part of the
platform beyond the hut circles measures 6m SW-NE by 4m NW-SE. The
south-western hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 0.5m
high and 1.5m wide, faced internally by spaced edge-set slabs. The wall
defines a circular internal area, 2.75m in diameter, levelled in conformity
with the platform beyond. The hut circle wall has an entrance gap facing
The hut circle adjoining to the NE is of the same construction and dimensions
but with an entrance gap facing SE. These hut circles are outlying members of
a dispersed, unenclosed settlement containing at least 23 hut circles, whose
main concentration is centred 100m ESE of this monument.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

These hut circles on Hawk's Tor have survived well and their shared levelled
platform, extending as a forecourt, is a rare feature. Their proximity to
other broadly contemporary settlement sites, enclosures, field systems and
cairns demonstrates well the nature of farming practices and the organisation
of land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
King, G, Sheppard, P, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parochial Checklist of Antiquities 10: Parish of North Hill, , Vol. 18, (1979)
consulted 10/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2576,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.03,
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1178.04,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,

Source: Historic England

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