Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 400m west of Damgate

A Scheduled Monument in Ilam, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0765 / 53°4'35"N

Longitude: -1.8163 / 1°48'58"W

OS Eastings: 412404.291011

OS Northings: 353266.339469

OS Grid: SK124532

Mapcode National: GBR 480.3MC

Mapcode Global: WHCDR.2XCW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m west of Damgate

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1967

Last Amended: 10 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010126

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13540

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Ilam

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Wetton St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located some 400m west of Damgate on the
crest of a broad undulating ridgetop. It survives as an oval earthen mound,
including some of stones, and stands up to 1.7m high with maximum dimensions
of 27m by 25m. At the centre of the barrow is a shallow dished area some 4m
diameter by 0.2m deep. A drystone wall runs east-west across the barrow's
summit. Limited antiquarian investigation close to the centre of the mound
located a rock cut grave 1.2m deep containing a contracted inhumation with a
beaker placed behind the head and a flint artefact. At a depth of 0.15m,
below a flat stone on the surface, a secondary inhumation was found. Many
flints and some animal bones were also recovered from the barrow.
The drystone wall is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath
it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre and some
plough damage the monument survives reasonably well. This investigation
revealed primary and secondary inhumations, faunal remains, pottery and
flints, and further similar evidence of interments and grave goods will exist
within the barrow and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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