Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 420m north of Beechenhill

A Scheduled Monument in Ilam, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0736 / 53°4'25"N

Longitude: -1.8103 / 1°48'37"W

OS Eastings: 412804.037726

OS Northings: 352951.03357

OS Grid: SK128529

Mapcode National: GBR 480.C3X

Mapcode Global: WHCDY.506H

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 420m north of Beechenhill

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1967

Last Amended: 12 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009558

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13536

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Ilam

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Ilam

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 420m north of Beechenhill on a
locally high point of a broad ridge. It survives as an oval mound up to 0.7m
high with maximum dimensions of 13.5m by 9.5m. At the centre is a shallow
depression 1.5m diameter and 0.1m deep. Limited antiquarian investigations in
the centre and south-east side of the barrow located a square cist containing
a re-interred inhumation, a further two inhumations, one of which was
headless, two cremations, flint and bone artefacts, a food vessel, antler and
boar tusk, animal bones including those of a polecat, and a sherd of pottery.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigations of the barrow's centre and
south-eastern side the monument survives well. These investigations located
human and faunal remains, flint artefacts and pottery, and further similar
evidence of interments and grave goods will survive within the barrow and upon
the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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