Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Knighton Farm settlement and moat

A Scheduled Monument in Figheldean, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2086 / 51°12'30"N

Longitude: -1.7818 / 1°46'54"W

OS Eastings: 415334.948

OS Northings: 145510.4171

OS Grid: SU153455

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZQ.0BS

Mapcode Global: VHB55.2WCC

Entry Name: Knighton Farm settlement and moat

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010021

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10134

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Figheldean

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Figheldean St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


A deserted medieval settlement and associated adjacent moat. The surviving
areas are in good condition.
1 - An area of settlement formerly called "Knyghteton" meaning farm of the
knights or serving men. The settlement remains consist of a series of levelled
platforms on both sides of the trackway leading to the farm. (SU15454550)
2 - The surviving area of a moat now c.1.25m deep, to the north and west of
the associated Knighton Farm settlement.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

The Knighton farm was first noted in the Domesday Book and as such is
amongst the earliest moated sites to be recorded historically. With its
standing earthworks and dry moat it is also an outstandingly well
preserved and extensive example of its class.

Source: Historic England


Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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