Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow 450m WSW of Woodhenge

A Scheduled Monument in Durrington, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1882 / 51°11'17"N

Longitude: -1.7917 / 1°47'30"W

OS Eastings: 414652.413338

OS Northings: 143241.258243

OS Grid: SU146432

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZW.HTH

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.WDNG

Entry Name: Long barrow 450m WSW of Woodhenge

Scheduled Date: 3 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009130

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10432

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durrington

Built-Up Area: Strangways

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Durrington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a levelled long barrow aligned north east-south west
located some 450m WSW of Woodhenge on Countess Farm and situated on a west
facing slope. The barrow is now difficult to identify on the ground. However,
the ditches which flank the mound of the long barrow on its western and
eastern sides, from which material was quarried during its construction,
survive as buried features and are visible as parchmarks. These are
represented on a parchmark survey carried out in 1990 from which the overall
length of the long barrow can be calculated to be 40m and the overall width
28m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone
mounds often with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the
Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial
places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the
oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where
investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often
with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment.
Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument
preceding the barrow and it is probable that long barrows acted as important
ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time.
Some 500 long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are
recorded in England of which at least nine survive in the Stonehenge area.
These represent an important group for understanding the historical context
within which Stonehenge developed during the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze
Age periods.

Despite having been levelled by cultivation, the long barrow 450m WSW of
Woodhenge will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Field
work has shown that the ditch fills survive undisturbed, while deposits
located on the Neolithic ground surface will survive beneath the area
disturbed by cultivation.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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