Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows 800m north east of The Avenue on Countess Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Durrington, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.184 / 51°11'2"N

Longitude: -1.7946 / 1°47'40"W

OS Eastings: 414449.197415

OS Northings: 142772.125641

OS Grid: SU144427

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZW.P2W

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.VH3P

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 800m north east of The Avenue on Countess Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 April 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009135

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10411

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durrington

Built-Up Area: Strangways

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north to south some 800m north
east of the Avenue on a raised plateau which lies between the River Avon and
Stonehenge. The mound of the northern barrow survives as a slight earthwork
0.4m high and c.28m in diameter. The southern barrow is now difficult to
define on the ground but is visible on aerial photographs from which the mound
is calculated to be c.36m in diameter. Both mounds are surrounded by ditches
from which material was quarried during their construction. These have become
infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.3.5m wide in the case
of the northern barrow, giving an overall diameter of c.35m, and c.4.5m in the
case of the southern barrow, giving an overall diameter of c.45m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age

Despite the reduced height of the two bowl barrows 800m north east of the
Avenue, they will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England



Source: Historic England

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