Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Bowl barrow 70m west of A345 on Countess Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1867 / 51°11'12"N

Longitude: -1.7845 / 1°47'4"W

OS Eastings: 415153.985904

OS Northings: 143070.626366

OS Grid: SU151430

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZW.KMG

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.0FYN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 70m west of A345 on Countess Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009131

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10434

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Built-Up Area: Countess

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a levelled bowl barrow situated on a plateau which
gradually declines eastwards to the valley of the River Avon, 70m west of the
A345, and north of Countess Farm buildings. The barrow is now difficult to
identify on the ground. However, the ditch which surrounds the mound and from
which material was quarried during its construction, survives as a buried
feature and is visible on aerial photographs from which the overall diameter
of the barrow can be calculated to be 26m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite having been levelled by cultivation, the bowl barrow 70m west of the
A345 will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating
to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Aerial
photographs have shown that the ditch fills survive undisturbed, while
deposits located on the Bronze Age ground surface will survive beneath the
area disturbed by cultivation.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.