Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 140m north of Thorswood Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Stanton, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0225 / 53°1'20"N

Longitude: -1.8342 / 1°50'3"W

OS Eastings: 411215.882665

OS Northings: 347254.856616

OS Grid: SK112472

Mapcode National: GBR 377.K2W

Mapcode Global: WHCF3.S9R7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 140m north of Thorswood Plantation

Scheduled Date: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009685

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13583

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Stanton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Ellastone St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the northern end of the crest
of a ridge 140m north of Thorswood Plantation. It survives as an oval
earthen mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 12m. There is
a shallow central depression 3m diameter by 0.2m deep. On the barrow's
south-western, south-eastern and southern sides are traces of a segmented
ditch 2.5m wide by 0.1m deep. A drystone wall runs along the extreme western
edge of the monument. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the
mound located a ruined cist, a cremation, flints, pottery sherds and bones.
The drystone wall on the barrow's western side is excluded from the scheduling
The ground beneath it, however, is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre the bowl
barrow 140m north of Thorswood Plantation survives well. This investigation
located human remains, flints and pottery, and further evidence of interments
and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.
The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow
surrounded by a segmented ditch.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 165
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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