Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Stanton, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0211 / 53°1'15"N

Longitude: -1.8363 / 1°50'10"W

OS Eastings: 411079.180326

OS Northings: 347102.755619

OS Grid: SK110471

Mapcode National: GBR 377.QJJ

Mapcode Global: WHCF3.RBS9

Entry Name: Bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation

Scheduled Date: 5 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009681

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13581

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Stanton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Ellastone St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the southern end of the crest
of a ridge 50m west of Thorswood Plantation. It survives as a somewhat
mutilated oval mound of earth and stones added to a natural knoll and measures
up to 2.3m high with maximum dimensions of 27.5m by 23m. On the barrow's
western and northern sides is a segmented rock-cut ditch up to 6.3m wide and
0.3m deep. There is a sub-rectangular central pit measuring some 6m by 5m and
1m deep on the barrow's summit with upcast on all sides except the south.
Immediately north of this is an oval pit measuring 5.5m by 3.5m and 0.3m deep.
There are two pits on the south-east side of the mound. The southern
edge of the barrow has been removed by quarrying. Limited antiquarian
investigation of the barrow found one or two fragments of bone and a human

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite quarrying of the barrow's southern side and limited antiquarian
investigation this large bowl barrow west of Thorswood Plantation survives
reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, and further
evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old
landsurface. The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a
bowl barrow surrounded by a segmented ditch.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 124
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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