Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Romano-British enclosed settlement, 290m south east of Butteryhaugh Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Kielder, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.2275 / 55°13'38"N

Longitude: -2.5759 / 2°34'33"W

OS Eastings: 363464.747059

OS Northings: 592735.608604

OS Grid: NY634927

Mapcode National: GBR B7GZ.3X

Mapcode Global: WH8ZN.DVLX

Entry Name: Romano-British enclosed settlement, 290m south east of Butteryhaugh Bridge

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1965

Last Amended: 16 November 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009667

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25107

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Kielder

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Falstone with Greystead and Thorneyburn

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a settlement of Romano-British date,
levelled into a north west facing hillside above the Kielder Burn. The
settlement, oval in shape, measures a maximum of 34m north west to south east
by 30m north east to south west, within a bank of stone and earth varying
between 3m-5m wide and standing to a maximum height of 1.6m above the interior
on the south east side. In places on the downhill side of the enclosure the
surrounding bank has been reduced to a scarp. Within the enclosure there are
the remains of a stone-founded circular house 9m in diameter visible as a
stony platform.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements
dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non-
defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone
construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also
common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures
were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common.
Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the
settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the
enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard
layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of
the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were
pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two
houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the
settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main
enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be
found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form
and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known.
These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives
throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement
forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common
throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved
earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common,
although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography.
All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The enclosed settlement south east of Butteryhaugh Bridge is reasonably well
preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
MacLaughlan, H, Additional Notes on Roman Roads in Northumberland, (1867), 62
Hogg, A H A, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 3 ser 10' in A New List of the Native Sites in Northumberland, (1947), 168
Other
NY 69 SW 09,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.