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Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Beacon Hill, 230m east of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar: part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8422 / 51°50'31"N

Longitude: -0.6049 / 0°36'17"W

OS Eastings: 496205.808011

OS Northings: 216875.501498

OS Grid: SP962168

Mapcode National: GBR F44.HVR

Mapcode Global: VHFRJ.GYKN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Beacon Hill, 230m east of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar: part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1958

Last Amended: 1 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009549

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19071

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Ivinghoe

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Ivinghoe with Pitstone

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a well preserved bowl barrow situated at the eastern tip
of Ivinghoe Beacon Hill. The barrow mound has a diameter of 12m and stands to
the height of 0.5m. The centre of the mound has been disturbed at some
time in the past creating a hollow 4m in diameter and 0.2m deep. Surrounding
the mound is a ditch, from which material for the mound was quarried. This
survives as a well defined earthwork 2m wide and 0.2m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to the central area of the barrow mound, most of the round
barrow survives well. The close proximity of other monuments of the same
period adds to the significance of the site.

Source: Historic England

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