Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Hills, 240m south of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar: part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8401 / 51°50'24"N

Longitude: -0.6078 / 0°36'28"W

OS Eastings: 496011.629972

OS Northings: 216642.206366

OS Grid: SP960166

Mapcode National: GBR F44.P4F

Mapcode Global: VHFRQ.F01P

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Ivinghoe Hills, 240m south of Ivinghoe Beacon trig pillar: part of the Beacon Hill round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 1 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009548

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19070

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Ivinghoe

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Ivinghoe with Pitstone

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow situated on the east edge of a
narrow saddle below Ivinghoe Beacon. The barrow mound survives as a well
defined mound 6m in diameter and 0.3m high which appears intact and
undisturbed. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the
mound. This has become infilled over the years by natural erosion and
deposition but survives as a buried feature c.1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The small barrow on Beacon Hill survives intact with no evidence for
disturbance of the mound. The close proximity of other monuments of the same
period add to the significance of the site.

Source: Historic England

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