Ancient Monuments

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Squire's Clump Anglo-Saxon burial mound 500m south west of Iron Buildings

A Scheduled Monument in Sarsden, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.908 / 51°54'28"N

Longitude: -1.5684 / 1°34'6"W

OS Eastings: 429786.317007

OS Northings: 223359.80118

OS Grid: SP297233

Mapcode National: GBR 5RT.69L

Mapcode Global: VHBZF.R9QP

Entry Name: Squire's Clump Anglo-Saxon burial mound 500m south west of Iron Buildings

Scheduled Date: 21 September 1936

Last Amended: 18 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009426

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21839

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Sarsden

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Churchill

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes an Anglo-Saxon burial mound, or `hlaew', situated
in Squire's Clump, 500m south west of Iron Buildings. The barrow lies on a
false crest overlooking the land to the south, east and west, including the
present village of Sarsden.
The barrow mound measures 23m in diameter and stands up to 3m high. It has a
flat top with an otherwise conical profile. The mound is surrounded by a dry
stone revetment wall which sits on a narrow 0.5m wide berm. This is surrounded
by a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during the construction of
the mound. This has been redug and survives as a 4m wide and 0.8m deep
feature.
The Squire's Clump barrow was used as a landscape feature during the 18th
century when beech trees were planted around it and the wall was rebuilt. The
name Squire's Clump can also be attributed to this phase in the monument's
history.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a
hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a
primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave
cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old
ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur
in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed
during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they
served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some
were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically
located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information
on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only
between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a
rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy
of preservation.

The hlaew known as Squire's Clump survives well despite having been subjected
to minor landscaping during the 18th century and will contain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in
which it was built. It is one of a number of such monuments in West
Oxfordshire which are known to have formed the focus for burial sites in the
early medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PRN 2282, C.A.O., Round Barrow, (1986)
SP 22 SE 6, R.C.H.M.(E), Bowl Barrow, (1977)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:
SP 22 SE

Source: Historic England

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