Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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The Mount bell barrow 110m south west of Mount Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Churchill, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.9112 / 51°54'40"N

Longitude: -1.5955 / 1°35'43"W

OS Eastings: 427919.3024

OS Northings: 223709.698

OS Grid: SP279237

Mapcode National: GBR 5RR.5FY

Mapcode Global: VHBZF.97C6

Entry Name: The Mount bell barrow 110m south west of Mount Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 25 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009413

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21809

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Churchill

Built-Up Area: Churchill

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Churchill

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a well preserved Bronze Age bell barrow known as `The
Mount', 110m south west of Mount Farm. It is situated on a ridge running from
north east to south west with views to the east, south and west.
The barrow mound measures 22m in diameter and stands up to 2.2m high. A level
2m wide berm around the base of the mound is surrounded by a quarry ditch from
which material was obtained during construction of the monument. This ditch
has become partially infilled over the years but remains visible at ground
level as a shallow depression 4m wide and c.0.4m deep. Beyond the ditch, there
are traces of an outer bank which survives up to 1m wide and 0.1m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

The Mount bell barrow is a well preserved example of its class and will
contain undisturbed archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its
construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


On site regarding monument history, Jeffery, PP, DISCUSSION WITH POSTMAN/LOCAL AMATEUR HISTORIAN, (1993)
On site with Mr Heywood-Lonsdale, JEFFERY, P.P., DISCUSION WITH OWNER, (1993)
PRN 3180, C.A.O., CHURCHILL, THE MOUNT, (1993)
SP 22 SE 8, Ordnance Survey, The Mount, Bowl Barrow, (1977)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
Sheet SP 22 SE

Source: Historic England

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