Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Copping Knoll bowl barrow 200m south of Rose Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Glympton, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.8857 / 51°53'8"N

Longitude: -1.3761 / 1°22'34"W

OS Eastings: 443035.270241

OS Northings: 220980.576959

OS Grid: SP430209

Mapcode National: GBR 7VX.LX8

Mapcode Global: VHCX0.3VCS

Entry Name: Copping Knoll bowl barrow 200m south of Rose Cottage

Scheduled Date: 13 June 1974

Last Amended: 14 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009423

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21824

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Glympton

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Wootton, Glympton and Kiddington

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 200m south of Rose
Cottage on the Glympton Estate.
The barrow mound has a diameter of 23m and stands up to 1.5m high. However, it
is known from previous records that the barrow mound originally measured c.32m
in diameter, suggesting some truncation in the recent past.
Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry
ditch which provided material for its construction. This has become infilled
over time but will survive as a buried feature 2.5m wide below the modern
ground surface.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some damage to the mound, the Copping Knoll bowl barrow 200m south of
Rose Cottage survives well as a prominent feature. It will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the
barrow and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
PRN 1728, C.A.O., Copping Knoll Tumulus, (1984)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
SP 42 NW

Source: Historic England

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