Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow south-east of Cot Nab Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9983 / 53°59'53"N

Longitude: -0.7447 / 0°44'41"W

OS Eastings: 482381.912978

OS Northings: 456531.644845

OS Grid: SE823565

Mapcode National: GBR RQ76.KH

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.JRLQ

Entry Name: Round barrow south-east of Cot Nab Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009386

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21057

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop Wilton St Edith

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a slight natural rise. It is
one of a large group of dispersed barrows lying along the ridge of the Wolds
above Bishop Wilton. The barrow mound is fifteen metres in diameter and one
metre high and is of earthen construction. Air photography has confirmed that
the barrow is surrounded by a ditch but this is not visible as an earthwork
feature. The mound was twice opened by J R Mortimer, once in 1864 and again
in 1892, during which a number of burials were discovered along with flints
and pottery fragments.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited plough damage and partial excavation this barrow survives
relatively well and will retain significant archaeological remains, including
further burial evidence. It is a member of a wider group of barrows, which
together will provide evidence of a range of burial practices.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 167-168
715, Humberside County Council SMR (715), (1980)

Source: Historic England

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