Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 400m north west of Callis Wold Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bishop Wilton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9953 / 53°59'43"N

Longitude: -0.7381 / 0°44'17"W

OS Eastings: 482824.861753

OS Northings: 456208.746503

OS Grid: SE828562

Mapcode National: GBR RQ97.0K

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.MVR0

Entry Name: Round barrow 400m north west of Callis Wold Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 25 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008383

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21096

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Bishop Wilton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop Wilton St Edith

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow situated on Callis Wold. The
barrow mound is 2m high and has a diameter of 22m. It has a flattened top and,
to the north, part of the mound has been scooped away, probably as a result of
19th century excavations. A hedge line crosses the mound's north eastern edge
and to the north east of this hedge the mound has been ploughed away, though
the ditch still survives as a buried feature. Traces of a surrounding ditch
3.5m wide survive on the south and west sides of the ditch. J R Mortimer
carried out two investigations of the barrow mound in 1864 and 1892; four
cremations, two in urns, were found with associated worked flints.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Much of the barrow survives very well and, despite partial excavation in the
19th century, it retains significant archaeological information relating to
the duration and manner of its usage and the environment in which it was
constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 165
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 164-166
'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia: Volume 76, , Vol. 76, (1927), 86-87
Jewitt, L, 'Old Yorkshire' in Old Yorkshire Volume IV, , Vol. IV, (1883), 101
Mortimer, J R, 'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia Volume 43, , Vol. 43, (1871), 415

Source: Historic England

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