Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 300m south west of Cot Nab Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0003 / 54°0'1"N

Longitude: -0.7602 / 0°45'36"W

OS Eastings: 481366.173822

OS Northings: 456738.86773

OS Grid: SE813567

Mapcode National: GBR RQ45.6R

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.9Q85

Entry Name: Round barrow 300m south west of Cot Nab Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 21 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008319

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21084

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop Wilton St Edith

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow, one of a group of barrows in
this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. The barrow mound stands to a height of 1m,
and has a diameter of 25m. It is evenly rounded and spread as a result of
ploughing. The mound is surrounded by a ditch, which was excavated during its
construction. It is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried
feature 3m wide. The barrow mound was opened in 1874, as part of antiquarian
researches by J R Mortimer, when a burial and a number of associated worked
flints were found.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation and limited plough damage this barrow survives
reasonably well. It will retain significant information on its original form
and evidence of the burials placed within it.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 139
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 138-140
'Antiquaries Journal' in Antiquaries Journal Volume 21, , Vol. 21, (1941), 340
'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society: page 36, , Vol. 37, (1971), 36

Source: Historic England

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